The heaviest land animal is the African elephant (Loxodonta africana and Loxodonta cyclotis). Adult male elephants, known as bulls, can weigh between 10,000 to 14,000 pounds (4,500 to 6,350 kilograms) on average. Exceptionally large males have been recorded weighing up to 16,500 pounds (7,500 kilograms) or more. Adult female elephants, called cows, are slightly smaller and typically weigh between 5,000 to 7,000 pounds (2,268 to 3,175 kilograms). The African elephant has a robust body and sturdy legs, enabling it to support its immense weight.