In July 1917, Canada was deeply involved in World War I. The country had committed significant resources and manpower to the war effort in Europe, with tens of thousands of Canadian soldiers fighting on the Western Front.
However, one particular event stands out from this period: the conscription crisis.
The Conscription Crisis of 1917:
As the war raged on, casualties were high and volunteer rates were dropping. In response to the pressing need for more troops, Prime Minister Robert Borden introduced the Military Service Act on July 24, 1917, which enacted conscription – mandatory enlistment for military service.
The act was controversial and led to a significant political crisis, often referred to as the Conscription Crisis of 1917. Many groups, including French Canadians, farmers, unionized workers, and non-British immigrants, opposed conscription for various reasons. French Canadians, in particular, felt they had little stake in a war being fought on behalf of Britain, with which they had historic grievances.
The crisis deepened the divide between English and French Canada, had lasting impacts on the country’s politics, and is still a notable part of Canadian history.
Remember, this is one significant event that happened in Canada in July 1917, but it does not cover all events or experiences during that time.