The Ten Commandments, also known as the Decalogue, are a set of moral and religious principles that are traditionally attributed to God’s revelation to Moses on Mount Sinai. These commandments are considered foundational in the Abrahamic religions, including Judaism and Christianity. The commandments are typically presented in two different versions in the biblical texts of Exodus 20:1-17 and Deuteronomy 5:4-21. Here is a summary of the Ten Commandments:
- You shall have no other gods before me.
- You shall not make for yourself an idol or worship any other gods.
- You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.
- Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
- Honor your father and mother.
- You shall not murder.
- You shall not commit adultery.
- You shall not steal.
- You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor (You shall not lie).
- You shall not covet your neighbor’s house, wife, or belongings.
These commandments serve as a moral and ethical framework, guiding believers in their relationship with God and in their interactions with others. They emphasize principles such as monotheism, respect for God’s name and worship, observance of rest and worship, honoring parental authority, preserving life, promoting fidelity and purity, respecting the property and rights of others, practicing truthfulness, and guarding against envy and covetousness.
Different religious traditions may interpret and emphasize the commandments to varying degrees. In addition to the Ten Commandments, Jewish and Christian traditions often recognize other commandments, statutes, and ethical teachings found in their respective religious texts. The commandments continue to hold significance as a guide for personal conduct, social harmony, and the pursuit of righteousness within these religious communities.