The Seven Wonders of the World refer to two different lists of remarkable ancient structures from different time periods. The original Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were a collection of awe-inspiring monuments and buildings, while the New Seven Wonders of the World are a more recent list of modern-day wonders selected through a global poll.
- Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (Original List):
- The Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt: The only surviving wonder of the original list, the Great Pyramid is located on the Giza Plateau near Cairo, Egypt. It was built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops) and is the largest and oldest of the three pyramids in Giza.
- Hanging Gardens of Babylon (Location uncertain): There is debate and uncertainty about the exact location and existence of the Hanging Gardens. According to ancient accounts, it was an impressive terraced garden in ancient Babylon, near modern-day Hillah, Iraq.
- Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Greece: This colossal statue was located in the Temple of Zeus in Olympia, Greece. It was crafted by the renowned sculptor Phidias and depicted the god Zeus seated on a throne.
- Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Turkey: The Temple of Artemis was a massive temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Artemis, situated in Ephesus (near modern-day Selçuk, Turkey). It was destroyed and rebuilt multiple times before its final destruction in 401 AD.
- Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Turkey: The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a grand tomb built for Mausolus, the ruler of Caria (in present-day Bodrum, Turkey), and his wife Artemisia. It was known for its impressive architecture and sculptures.
- Colossus of Rhodes, Greece: This gigantic bronze statue of the sun god Helios stood at the entrance to the harbor of Rhodes, a Greek island in the Mediterranean. It was destroyed by an earthquake in 226 BCE.
- Lighthouse of Alexandria, Egypt: Also known as the Pharos of Alexandria, this ancient lighthouse was located on the island of Pharos near Alexandria, Egypt. It was one of the tallest structures of its time and served as a guiding light for sailors.
- New Seven Wonders of the World (Modern List):
- The Great Wall of China, China
- Petra, Jordan
- Christ the Redeemer Statue, Brazil
- Machu Picchu, Peru
- Chichen Itza, Mexico
- The Colosseum, Italy
- Taj Mahal, India
The New Seven Wonders of the World were selected through a global poll conducted by the New7Wonders Foundation in 2007, where people around the world voted for their favorite modern wonders. These structures were recognized for their cultural, historical, and architectural significance.