The seven deadly sins, also known as the capital vices or cardinal sins, are a traditional classification of vices that have been recognized in various religious and moral traditions. They are considered to be fundamental human tendencies or inclinations that can lead to immoral behavior and spiritual harm. The seven deadly sins are:
- Lust: Excessive or unrestrained desire for sexual pleasure, often involving objectification or exploitation of others.
- Gluttony: Excessive or indulgent consumption of food, drink, or substances beyond what is necessary for sustenance or enjoyment.
- Greed: Intense or excessive desire for material wealth, possessions, or power, often leading to selfishness, exploitation, or hoarding.
- Sloth: Apathy, laziness, or neglecting one’s responsibilities or duties, both physical and spiritual.
- Wrath: Uncontrolled anger, hatred, or vengeful feelings that may result in harm, violence, or the desire for revenge.
- Envy: Resentment or jealousy towards others for their possessions, qualities, or achievements, often accompanied by a desire to possess what others have.
- Pride: Excessive or inflated self-esteem, arrogance, or an exaggerated sense of one’s own importance or superiority over others.
These sins are considered harmful because they can lead to various negative consequences, both in terms of personal character and relationships with others. Different religious and moral traditions may interpret and emphasize these sins in different ways, but the overall concept of recognizing and addressing these vices remains fairly consistent across cultures. The concept of the seven deadly sins is often used as a moral framework for self-reflection, spiritual growth, and the pursuit of virtuous behavior.