Yes, dogs can see colors, but their color vision is different from that of humans. While humans have three types of color receptors (cones) in their eyes that allow them to perceive a wide spectrum of colors, dogs have only two types of cones. This means that their color vision is limited compared to humans.
Dogs primarily see the world in shades of blue and yellow, with less distinction between red and green. They have better vision in dim light compared to humans and are more sensitive to motion and contrast. This is why dogs excel in activities like tracking movement and spotting objects against different backgrounds.
Although dogs have limited color vision, it does not mean they see the world entirely in black and white. They can still perceive certain colors, but their range and ability to differentiate between colors are not as extensive as humans.
It’s important to note that individual dogs may vary in their color perception, and there can be some breed-specific differences as well. While color vision is not a significant aspect of a dog’s experience, they rely more on their exceptional sense of smell and hearing to navigate the world around them.